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tv   [untitled]    October 24, 2010 11:30am-12:00pm EDT

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town involves urals region suffer from numerous diseases after breathing in toxic fumes for decades that the majority of the population depends on the source of the polo sun for income. you can find out why this town has been named one of the most polluted in the world and what has been done to counter this environmental disaster that's coming up for you next hour here on r.t. for now we're going to take a short break and i'll be back with a recap of our top stories and the week's headlines.
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in vietnam ots available in both international hutto what you know how noise photos or some photos don't even intercontinental one only wesley cotto shirts and finally who turns builds and finally oprah some of said grown to annoy sedona sweeter knowing. full well so i go in her turn to rebuild her shirt and so i go in her children's homes hotels. in the movie available in the end result.
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welcome back our top stories of the week here on r.g.p. the hidden civilian deaths on torture in iraq emerge in the biggest leak in u.s. military history and an online exposé suggests washington turned a blind eye to violence in iraq the prime minister claims the timing of the leak is aimed at disrupting his outbursts to form a new government. terror strikes the north caucuses as militants stormed the chechen parliament prompting calls for tighter security measures three people died and seventeen were injured before security forces managed to kill the perpetrators . europe is hit with protests and promises of fresh demonstrations against government reforms in france people are angry over a two year rise in the retirement age while in the u.k.
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unions have announced mass marches to counter cuts in social benefits and jobs. and moscow have a new boss from already laid out plans on how to change the capital gains that down in size his top priorities are corruption and congestion later we take a closer look at the new mayor and his promises. up next for you we take a look at how russian culture has survived in the united states through alaska despite some americans not knowing it was once part of russia that's next here on r.t. . once it was a part of russian territory there are still reminders to this day children wearing russian national costumes people having russian names and many orthodox churches are standing here but more than one hundred forty years ago it became the u.s. territory though some americans still don't know about. the scandal asking have no
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idea about that stuff like nothing i don't know anything about that alaska it's cold. it was cold a box of ice a polar bear garden and one russia but in the language of the indigenous peoples the word alaska means the great land. sven haakanson is steering his boat out of the narrow bay of kodiak island his ancestors have lived here since time immemorial. over the thousands of years they to solve this seascape each time they put out to sea to hunt. but they use narrow canoes with a couple of paddles instead of comfortable motor boats with powerful engines in the past yes it was very very difficult to hunt as an individual you need to group in
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order to. actually capture for example you look at the sea lions over here in order for you to hunt one of those in the several people. on a summer day and seven hundred forty one scores of natives of the land set out on a hunting expedition in canaries they spotted odd looking ships on the horizon. those big sail boats belonged to an expedition led by russian explorers bearing and . that was how kodiak island made its appearance on russian maps the first colonists were. forty years later seventeen eighty four. was the capital of america for fifty years. streets serve as a reminder of. the names of russian travelers and merchants.
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there is the street name a shell a call who all found good with this why not tell us where we. russian permanent settlement in alaska and then there's. son in law. named after nikolai was. who i was representing the government of russia and also the russian american company. the russian american company was founded in seventeen. primarily with the hunting and the selling of which. was used as a warehouse from here to russia and to china this sea otter pill has the sickest for any animal the most furs per square inch this is the animal itself the sea otter this animal was what caused the fur gold
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rush to alaska. for. two thousand and nine he organized an expedition to retrace the steps of his fellow countryman. was the first ever european to reach alaska's. unexplored. contact with you have people. looking p. . well welcome to normally just as their ancestors welcomes agustin two hundred fifty years ago their homes may have changed a lot but their attitude to russians remains the same. shit over clearly will welcome the east into places that it once served as bases as a ghost can expose. russians many of the local people said they had russian and.
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when the russians came to alaska the lives of the indigenous people changed. many of them began to work for the russian american company jobs involved hunting for sea otters fishing and taking part in the building of new settlements russian priests and monks visited alaska and baptized the locals into the orthodox faith russian men married local girls. russian men had local women and their children were called creole. creoles were well educated they held top posts in the russian capital to ship as well as in the colonial administration book in alaska. surrender how concerned lives a life entirely different from his ancestors to him putting out to sea is more like
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fun than work. as proud of his traditional bathhouse he sees it as a symbol of successive generations and imbedded russian traditions. when the russians came. the thing that is similar are the rocks and the heat and steaming the washing inside the vanya and that's something that we've been doing for centuries and that's a tradition where now we have a wooden house which is a russian vanya which just adapted to it i mean i grew up taking wine yes for bass . sven sees telling the history of. people as a mission he cheery it's a museum which is one of the principal tourist attractions of kodiak island when few tourists visited during low season local people come here to when the russians actually took over our claimed alaska for russia spill you don't see one of sens friends together with his family is listening to his story although his
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name is of russian origin he doesn't know a single word of the language spoken on the other side of the bering strait nor does he know much about where his last name comes from. what my mom told me. they were taken people after. and they couldn't say are. russian. speaking don't see me and often doesn't need to speak russian services in the orthodox church in kodiak city are held in english. father in a county was born in new england a place that is far away from here he has no russian roots nevertheless he decided
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to serve as an orthodox priest in alaska but it was a long story. it's a story of growing up in a christian church protestant church but always wanting the seeking out for face a for experience of the faith and finding that an orthodoxy is a yellin and eventually answering the call into the priesthoods of. the church where father in the county series stands with the first church in the new world used to be alaska is still predominantly orthodox us state. russians and the priest said then came didn't force us to not speak our language they didn't force us to not follow our traditional ways of living we did you know stop practicing our all the religious practices but pretty much everything else stayed the same hunting language but then in doing the american period.
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american archaeologist david mcmahon is exploring the remains of russian legacy. these are. they would have been used. for this is one of the most important finds of his career some of the objects were found at the site of the first russian others on the ocean floor so these are this is. this together with. david raised a many remains of the russian ship from the depths of the ocean. to the russian american company. in eight hundred sixty. eight was very lucrative because the california needed for their drinks so even if. it was still
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make a good profit the ship was leaving. everyone got off the ship but because of the board the ship stayed afloat for several days before sank. twenty five meters deep to explore the remains of the ship the kodiak was one of a dozen ships keeping the lines of communication with. similar ships regularly sailed the length of the north pacific. as a symbol the russian american company was in dire straits. at the beginning of the eight hundred sixty s. the company reached the edge of bankruptcy that caused a debate on whether alaska could be sold the vast territory was inhabited by eight hundred. those factors led to a serious discussion about
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a potential sale they were held in an atmosphere of secrecy laws only a handful of fishel sort of knew about them the legal. american was not particularly keen on buying the faraway territory a russian envoy to washington eduardo steckel was told to do his best to convince the u.s. government that it would gain norma's benefits by acquiring alaska. steckel had the support of u.s. state secretary william seward who was in favor of a u.s. territorial expansion. finally in one thousand nine hundred eighty seven after lengthy negotiations alaska was sold to the united states for the price of seven point two million dollars. on october the eighteenth eight hundred sixty seven the russian flag was lowered in the former alaskan capitol of sitka. in its stead america's colors were raised.
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today happy alaska day is one of the major holidays of the forty ninth state. during the blight showed the residents of citgo to reenact the procedure of handing over the flag from russians to americans. in eight hundred sixty seven at the ceremony for placing the russian colony under u.s. control was much more modest. the american government was weary of accusations that they had wasted a lot of money headlines and splashed across the newspapers scoffed at the purchase describing it as nothing more than a box of vice. rumor even had as that of the seven point two million dollars paid some two hundred thousand was given to senators in the form of kickbacks. but opinion. deliberate steps were taken to. sway in some sentences.
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received. in the pacific.
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like. most. people. here. few english. doesn't speak russian my grandfather passed away a couple of decades ago. most
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of. right after the peninsula was sold to the americans the village was built on the sea shore all of the employees of the russian american company who refused to move to russia had been banished here by the us government one of the older buildings is right down below us doesn't have a window in it and built in the old log dovetail design with the dovetail corners there are several other buildings that are throughout here including sheds that were used for fishing the older ones were built as as old as the late eighteenth hundreds all the residents of neil chick are related to each other one way or another they are sort of the houses irene she died in one thousand nine hundred five one of the most successful people born in india is laurent lehman who is a distant relative of gary a school called four years ago he was the lieutenant governor of alaska. he's only
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passing through today and has decided to stay with his uncle and aunt their ancestors were russians and they still use russian words in their everyday lexicon . which is married. a few hours later he will visit his father at a nursing home in the town of sold the. interview to i told him i tell my father that every time. oh no you do that if it. doesn't see the russian heritage simply as a distant episode in the history of his native state he remembers well that when he was a child far more people spoke russian than english i've talked about it with my brothers about the russian heritage and we often joked about it when we get within about ten
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miles. we're doing what we call speaking then we start talking like my father telling some of the stories it is still a very. part of my heritage. more in a rise of around lunchtime he visits his father at the local nursing home he says a few phrases in russian. mikko i. was there qantas pre-race. nick lehman can't remember names and faces clearly last year he had a stroke. yes he. does but even. though it's my son nick lehman's condition sometimes makes him imagine he's not a nursing home but in the old settlement of. where everyone has a boat where christmas is celebrated in early january rather than in december and where people in nearly every home speak russian.
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you know there's. a group of. nick lehman is one of the few people here who still remember the russian air of the land its former legacy is gradually being forgotten much in the same way as old people's memories fade away i'd like to teach my children about their heritage and we've shared it. especially with our oldest child our son and i think the best way we can do it is to talk about it sure some of the stories maybe even some of the language i want them to understand are very rich cultural heritage is it makes me think of the. phrase and here is one of the most popular teachers at seoul don't know high school. he used to teach english to russian children in the russian town of. course today he teaches russian in alaska none of the children in
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his class has a slavic name all of them are americans who have decided to learn the language that was once dominant in this part of the world. you won't during briana while all. this is a lie. that. i'm not. here. the gory sees himself as a representative of the new wave of russian settlers of alaska who makes himself at home the russian legacy is everywhere. today there are at least about seven hundred. names place names. conspicuously russia for example. then the
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presence of the churches here so you know the words. let's put it like this here in . the presence of the past. after. trying to stick to a lifestyle reminiscent of siberia rather than america. you thought people first came here in one thousand six to eight this is the first house they have built yet if we take why they feel you're not young enough how do you choose an evil mind for some reason trying to guess why you there's no escape for you dressed to kill. is famous. and she is known for causing a. particularly fond of her because she is the only always ready to talk to journalists. that live in the settlement and they always prefer.
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the founders of fled the soviet union to america to escape persecution. in alaska. trying to distance themselves from civilization much like they would. have been initially it was a private. that the signs had been removed and now people can visit us they can talk to and meet. today it is even something of a tourist attraction the cafe run by. the most lucrative business in the. for three decades it never occurred to the old believers that someday americans might be among. they tried to escape visiting other towns but now the american
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house stay near the russian vacuously no matthew has five children he moved. seven years ago after buying one third of the local land his american dream is slowly becoming a reality land was. pretty good price the russians. russians the people that are here the orthodox. have a nice set of values. relations with matt but as the years ago by she becomes ever more apprehensive of the prospect of. losing its status as a russian enclave and turning into just another. children in the still russian national dress but english is now their mother tongue. for growing up in a russian village but. not as much russian i think or the.
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church. i. played which. the new wave of settlers who moved. to. twentieth century. changed in comparison with the eighteenth century the majority preferred. city anchorage rather than. out of the city's three hundred thousand strong population five thousand are migrants from russia. situated in the. everybody. is perfect english is true. he was born.
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children of the russians who came here and nine hundred eighty nine nine hundred ninety s. are about twenty years old now just this russian generation has grown up in alaska they speak very good english and understand spoken russian. music. there's a place where everybody's going. to be. different places. but the new russia have taken the him like close to the. russians don't see themselves as. they see themselves as. the traveler is among them. once
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again. will have to go through a strenuous course of training before the expedition they intend to use the same gear that the early russian explorers. discover a. then we want to know the actual truth and that's why we didn't have a choice of transport. says van haakanson head of the community of indigenous people. takes a dim view of the desire to make more difficult. to see. as motorboats. thinks giving up the perks of civilization is a foolish thing to do. yet despite embracing the modern era inwardly he still
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remains committed to the simple principles preached by his ancestors. we were here for thousands of years. but you know we didn't have this system of paper saying that we can claim this land because in our philosophy in our worldview. you can own land the land owns you you know how can you say you own that when you're only here for a little bit and then you got it's a whole different philosophy of owning it versus living with it.

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